Gorgeous Garnets are January’s Birthstone

Necklace-7 woven silver open spirals with garnets2Garnets are the birthstone for January. ¬† Perhaps most people think “red” when they hear the word garnet, but there are a lot of garnet varieties – all with different colors ranging from yellows and greens to¬†shades of red, orange red, and reds with a hint of blue or violet.

These color variations are the result of slight differences in chemical make-up among the varieties: Pyrope garnets are red with a brownish tint; Rhodolite garnets are a rose or purplish red; Earrings- silver spirals with garnets 2015Almandite garnets are red with a violet tint; Spessartite garnets are orange to red-brown; Grossularite garnets include both Hessonite garnets which are cinnamon red-brown and also Tsavorite garnets which come a range of green shades. Yet another variety is Andradite garnets which include green Demantoid garnets – perhaps the most valuable garnet variety.

Garnets have a Mohs hardness index of 6.5 to 7.5 – ideal to use for most jewelry items.
For more information about garnets and some photos of other varieties, check out these links:

www.gemselect.com/gem-info/garnet/garnet-info.php

http://gemology.com/minerals/garnet.shtml

http://www.awesomegems.com/garnet-orange.html

 

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